Living soil, or Living Soil in English, is a community of efficient microorganisms, organic matter and organo-minerals that work together to provide valuable plant nutrition to plants and, at the same time, self-regulate soil health. A Living Soil must have plant nutrition with balanced macro and micronutrients, organic matter for microorganisms, aeration and water retention.
Efficient Microorganisms are Essential in Living Soil
Efficient microorganisms are essential for breaking down organic matter, recycling old plant material, and self-regulating pathogens. Microorganisms are mostly invisible and are the genetic diversity of the soil. These provide easier absorption of nutrients by plants, limited erosion, better aeration and less need for irrigation. A combination of organic materials such as compost and manure, coconut fiber, peat moss, tree bark, worm castings, leaf compost, rice hulls, pumice stone, vermiculite, and much more can be used to make a base for the soil. live. Like all living things, a living soil (Living Soil in English) needs water, and flowing, to provide hydration and nutrients to the roots. The water will store porous material for later use.
The most beneficial life requires oxygen to survive and a complex Living Soil (super soil) and ensures that air and moisture are cycled to keep the roots oxygenated. Organic fertilizers in the soil, such as vegetable or marine meals, for example, Neem seed meal, alfalfa meal, shrimp meal, and seaweed meal, must be degraded by microorganisms for plants to use them and the three Important microorganisms for a Living Soil to work properly are bacteria, actinomycetes and fungi.
Life on Living Soil is Beneficial Microbiology
Bacteria are single-celled microorganisms that exist in most habitats on earth and are the most dominant group in soil. Bacteria are present in all types of soil. Although bacteria can live in conditions of starvation and dehydration, they reproduce rapidly when optimal conditions exist in the environment, such as water and food. Having a diverse bacterial population increases the productivity of Living Soil and crop yields over time, while also aiding in decomposition.
Actinomycetes are similar to bacteria and fungi, but without the chitin and cellulose found in fungal cell walls. Actinomycetes increase in the presence of decaying organic matter. Temperatures of 25-30°C are ideal for the growth of actinomycetes and the most commonly found are thermoactinomyces and streptomyces which help prevent molds, fungi and other soilborne pathogens.
A Balanced Living Soil must have Bacteria and Fungi!
Fungi are second only to bacteria in their abundance in Living Soil and the quality of the soil has a direct effect on their numbers. They are found in all soils and have a filamentous mycelium, composed of individual hyphae. The quality and quantity of organic matter present in the soil have a direct effect on the number of fungi. The degradation of organic matter along with the aid in soil aggregation are the main functions of fungi in the soil. In addition, certain species of fungi produce humic-like substances.
Some fungi also help in the mobilization of phosphorous and nitrogen from the soil. Root establishment becomes much easier when mycorrhizal fungi are introduced. "Myco - rizal" means "fungus - root" or the symbiotic relationship between the two. Mycorrhizal filaments of soil fungi are living extensions of plant root systems and are more effective at absorbing nutrients and water than the roots themselves, since the hyphae, or fungal roots, grow much faster and longer than the roots of the plant itself.
Living Soil Equals Healthier Plants and Humans
Growing with organic inputs and methods not only provides healthier plants because they are grown without toxic or persistent pesticides or fertilizers, but also contributes to a healthier planet. Growing in living organic soil creates carbon with less waste while keeping toxic pesticides and fertilizers out of the soil, our water, and our bodies.
Living Soil is Regenerative
Living Soil allows the grower to reuse the land for many years, saving money on labor, fertilizer and growing media. As growers/producers, we are always working to minimize our footprint and living soils consistently achieve higher yields and organic purity.
16 NISAN 2022 It was written on.